Cotton Yarn price November 2023 and outlook (see chart below)
- North America:US$4.11/KG, -3.1% down
- Europe:US$6.41/KG, 1.6% up
- Africa:US$7.55/KG, 3.3% up
- Northeast Asia:US$3.54/KG, -2.5% down
- Southeast Asia:US$3.29/KG, 1.9% up
- India:US$3.85/KG, -0.8% down
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Cotton Yarn price index
This post is a summary of the global Cotton Yarn price developments. The price developments of global Cotton Yarn are expressed in US$ prices converted FX rates applicable at the time when the price was valid. Cotton Yarn price index developments are calculated from multiple separate sources of data to ensure statistical accuracy.
The outlook for global Cotton Yarn prices, on the second tab, is generated from different inputs including:
- Very recent price developments of immediate cost drivers of global Cotton Yarn prices
- Recent price developments of underlying feedstocks which drive the price of Cotton Yarn
- Market futures for both cost drives and feedstocks of global Cotton Yarn prices
- Adjustment of current supply/demand imbalances in the Cotton Yarn market
- Longer term trends in likely demand conditions
Further information on the Cotton Yarn price index
What is cotton yarn
Cotton yarn is a type of yarn made from the fibers of the cotton plant. It is a natural, soft, and absorbent material that is widely used in the production of clothing, bedding, towels, and other textiles. Cotton yarn is produced by spinning the fibers of the cotton plant into a continuous strand, using either a mechanical or hand-spinning process.
Cotton yarn is available in a range of thicknesses, or ply, and can be used to create a variety of fabric textures, including knit, crochet, and woven. It is also available in a range of colors, including natural, bleached, and dyed.
Cotton yarn is an important raw material for the textile industry and is used in a wide range of applications, including clothing, home furnishings, and industrial products. It is known for its softness, absorbency, and durability and is a popular choice for many different types of textiles.
What is cotton yarn used for
Cotton yarn is used for a variety of applications, including:
Cotton yarn is widely used in the production of clothing, such as t-shirts, jeans, and sweaters. It is a popular choice for clothing due to its softness, absorbency, and durability.
Cotton yarn is used in the production of bedding, such as sheets, pillowcases, and blankets, due to its absorbency and ability to wick moisture away from the skin.
Cotton yarn is used in the production of towels due to its absorbency and ability to dry quickly.
Knitting and crocheting
Cotton yarn is popular for use in knitting and crocheting projects due to its softness and ability to hold its shape. It is often used to create a variety of items, such as scarves, hats, and blankets.
Cotton yarn is also used in the production of woven fabrics, such as denim, corduroy, and canvas.
Overall, cotton yarn is a versatile material that is used in a wide range of applications, including clothing, bedding, towels, and other textiles. It is known for its softness, absorbency, and durability and is a popular choice for many different types of products.
How is cotton yarn produced
Cotton yarn is produced through a series of processes that involve preparing and spinning the cotton fibers. Here are the basic steps involved in producing cotton yarn:
Preparing the cotton fibers
The first step in producing cotton yarn is to prepare the cotton fibers. This involves cleaning and carding the fibers to remove any impurities, straighten the fibers, and align them in a parallel direction.
Once the fibers are prepared, they are fed through a series of rollers in a process called drawing. This process further straightens and aligns the fibers, while also blending together fibers of different lengths and qualities.
After the drawing process, the fibers are spun into yarn. This is done by twisting the fibers together using a spinning machine, which pulls the fibers out of the roving and twists them into a continuous thread. The amount of twist applied to the fibers determines the strength and thickness of the yarn.
Once the yarn is spun, it is wound onto spools or cones for storage and transportation. The winding process helps to even out the tension in the yarn and create a consistent product.
Finally, the yarn may undergo additional finishing processes to improve its quality, such as mercerization (a process that improves the yarn’s strength and luster) or dyeing.
Overall, the process of producing cotton yarn requires a combination of mechanical and manual labor, and involves several steps that must be carefully controlled to produce high-quality yarn.
What drives the cost of cotton yarn
There are several factors that can drive the cost of cotton yarn, including:
Raw material prices
The cost of cotton yarn is largely influenced by the price of cotton fiber, which can be affected by factors such as weather conditions, supply and demand, and government policies. For example, a shortage of cotton due to a bad harvest can cause the price of cotton yarn to increase.
The production of cotton yarn requires significant amounts of energy, particularly in the spinning process. Increases in energy costs can therefore impact the cost of cotton yarn.
Labor costs can also have an impact on the cost of cotton yarn, particularly in countries where wages are high. This can be a significant factor in the production of cotton yarn, which requires a considerable amount of manual labor.
Advancements in spinning technology can improve efficiency and reduce costs, but they may also require significant investments in machinery and infrastructure.
Finally, the demand for cotton yarn can also impact its cost. If demand is high, prices may rise due to limited supply, while if demand is low, prices may decrease as producers try to clear their inventory.
What types of cotton yarn are there
There are several types of cotton yarn available, each with its own characteristics and uses. Here are some of the most common types:
Carded cotton yarn
This type of cotton yarn is made from short staple cotton fibers that have been carded and blended together. It is generally less expensive and more rustic in texture than other types of cotton yarn.
Combed cotton yarn
Combed cotton yarn is made from longer staple cotton fibers that have been combed to remove any shorter fibers and impurities. This process creates a smoother, stronger yarn that is often used in high-quality garments.
Ring-spun cotton yarn
Ring-spun cotton yarn is made by twisting and thinning the cotton fibers to create a strong, fine yarn. This type of yarn has a smooth texture and is often used in high-quality knits and woven fabrics.
Open-end cotton yarn
Open-end cotton yarn is made using a process that involves spinning the cotton fibers into yarn without twisting them first. This results in a less expensive, more lightweight yarn that is often used in casual clothing.
Mercerized cotton yarn
Mercerized cotton yarn is treated with a caustic soda solution that causes the fibers to swell and become more lustrous. This process also increases the yarn’s strength and dyeability, making it a popular choice for high-end clothing.
Organic cotton yarn
Organic cotton yarn is made from cotton that has been grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. This type of yarn is often used in eco-friendly and sustainable clothing.
These are just a few examples of the many types of cotton yarn available, and each type can be further customized by varying factors such as the fiber length, twist, and thickness.
How big is the global cotton market
The global cotton market is significant, with demand driven by the widespread use of cotton in the textile industry. According to a report by Mordor Intelligence, the global cotton market was valued at approximately USD 37 billion in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 44 billion by 2025, at a compound annual growth rate of 3.3%.
The Asia-Pacific region is the largest market for cotton, followed by Europe and North America. The growth in the Asia-Pacific region is driven by the increasing demand for clothing and other textiles, while the demand in Europe and North America is driven by the retail and fashion sectors.
Overall, the demand for cotton is likely to remain strong in the coming years due to its wide range of uses and the growing demand for clothing and other textiles. However, the cotton market is subject to fluctuations in price and supply due to factors such as weather conditions, disease outbreaks, and economic conditions in cotton-producing countries.
According to https://oec.world/ :
Cotton are the world’s 55th most traded product.
Which countries produce the most cotton yarn
The top cotton yarn producing countries in the world are:
India is the world’s largest producer and exporter of cotton yarn, accounting for about 25% of global production. The country has a significant textile industry and produces a wide range of cotton yarns, including combed, carded, and compact varieties.
China is the second-largest producer of cotton yarn in the world and accounts for about 20% of global production. The country has a large textile industry and produces a variety of cotton yarns, including ring-spun and open-end varieties.
Pakistan is the third-largest producer of cotton yarn in the world and accounts for about 10% of global production. The country has a significant textile industry and produces a range of cotton yarns, including carded, combed, and compact varieties.
Turkey is the fourth-largest producer of cotton yarn in the world and accounts for about 5% of global production. The country has a significant textile industry and produces a range of cotton yarns, including ring-spun and open-end varieties.
Uzbekistan is the fifth-largest producer of cotton yarn in the world and accounts for about 4% of global production. The country has a significant cotton industry and produces a range of cotton yarns, including carded, combed, and compact varieties.
Other countries that produce significant amounts of cotton yarn include Brazil, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the United States.
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