Pyrene price February 2024 and outlook (see chart below)
- Northeast Asia:US$5.76/KG, -0.7% down
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Pyrene price index
This post is a summary of the Pyrene price index developments since 2017. The price developments are expressed as a price index in US$ prices converted at current FX rates, which are FX rates applicable at the time. Pyrene price index developments are calculated from multiple separate sources of data to ensure statistical accuracy.
Further information on the Pyrene price chart
What is Pyrene
Pyrene is a chemical compound that belongs to a class of aromatic hydrocarbons known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). It is a white, crystalline solid that is insoluble in water and has a chemical formula of C16H10. Pyrene is used as a reference compound in various scientific and technological applications, including as a probe for studying the interactions of molecules with surfaces, as a marker for analyzing environmental samples, and as a component of some polymers and plastics.
How is Pyrene produced
Pyrene can be produced by several different methods, including chemical synthesis and the thermal decomposition of organic compounds. One common method of synthesizing pyrene involves the cyclization of naphthalene or other aromatic hydrocarbons through a process known as Friedel-Crafts cyclization. This reaction typically involves the use of a Friedel-Crafts catalyst, such as aluminum chloride, and is often carried out in the presence of a solvent, such as benzene. Other methods of producing pyrene include the thermal decomposition of organic compounds, the pyrolysis of coal tar, and the distillation of petroleum.
What is Pyrene used for
Pyrene has a variety of uses in scientific and technological applications. Some examples include:
As a probe for studying the interactions of molecules with surfaces: Pyrene can be used as a probe molecule to study the interactions of other molecules with surfaces, such as proteins or polymers, in order to understand how these interactions affect the properties of the surfaces.
As a marker for analyzing environmental samples: Pyrene and other PAHs are often used as markers for the presence of fossil fuels or other organic matter in environmental samples.
As a component of some polymers and plastics: Pyrene can be used as a monomer in the synthesis of some polymers and plastics, such as polystyrene, polyethylene, and polypropylene.
As a chemical intermediate: Pyrene can be used as a starting material for the synthesis of other chemicals, such as dyes, pharmaceuticals, and other aromatic compounds.
As a reference compound: Pyrene is often used as a reference compound in various scientific and technological applications due to its well-characterized properties and the availability of a wide range of spectroscopic data on it.
What types of Pyrene are there
There are several different forms of pyrene that can be synthesized or obtained from natural sources. Some examples include:
This is the most common and well-known form of pyrene, which is a white, crystalline solid. It is generally obtained through chemical synthesis or the distillation of petroleum.
This form of pyrene does not have a well-defined crystalline structure and is often obtained through the thermal decomposition of organic compounds.
These are derivatives of pyrene in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced with other atoms or groups of atoms. Examples of substituted pyrenes include pyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid and pyrene-1-carboxylic acid.
This form of pyrene is produced through the polymerization of pyrene monomers and has a longer, more complex chemical structure than crystalline pyrene. Polymerized pyrene is often used as a component of some polymers and plastics.
Which industries use Pyrene
Pyrene is used in a wide range of industries, including the chemical, petroleum, environmental, and polymer industries. Some specific examples of how pyrene is used in these industries include:
How big is the Pyrene market
It is difficult to estimate the size of the pyrene market, as it is used as a component or intermediate in a wide range of products and applications, and reliable data on its production and consumption are not readily available. Pyrene is a relatively small molecule, and its market is likely to be relatively small compared to other chemicals with larger molecules or higher demand. However, it is an important chemical in various scientific and technological applications due to its unique properties and the availability of a wide range of spectroscopic data on it.
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